Coronavirus in children (symptoms)

Coronavirus in children

Children can get coronavirus (COVID-19), but they seem to get it less often than adults and it’s usually less serious.

The main symptoms of coronavirus in children are:

a high temperature

a new, continuous cough – this means coughing a lot, for more than an hour, or 3 or more coughing episodes in 24 hours

a loss or change to sense of smell or taste – this means they cannot smell or taste anything, or things smell or taste different to normal
What to do if your child has symptoms

If your child has any of the main symptoms of coronavirus:

Get a test to check if they have coronavirus as soon as possible.
Stay at home and do not have visitors until you get the test result – only leave your home to have a test.

Anyone you live with, and anyone in your support bubble, must also stay at home until you get the result.

is under 3 months old and has a temperature of 38C or higher, or you think they have a fever

is 3 to 6 months old and has a temperature of 39C or higher, or you think they have a fever

has other signs of illness, such as a rash, as well as a high temperature (fever)

has a high temperature that’s lasted for 5 days or more
does not want to eat, or is not their usual self and you’re worried
has a high temperature that does not come down with paracetamol
is dehydrated – for example, nappies are not very wet, sunken eyes, and no tears when they’re crying

Little boy in medical mask hugging crop mother and looking at camera during coronavirus outbreak against gray background

Causing damage when providing CPR

There is evidence that you may break or fracture ribs when carrying out cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a casualty in cardiac arrest. We believe in providing our students with the appropriate knowledge and training to hopefully reduce fractures occurring. At MCP First Aid Training we have the experience and knowledge from working as paramedics on the front line of trauma and medical emergencies and provide students with certain techniques in how to provide effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation and reduce fractures from happening.

The picture below shows the the bruising that can occurs from fracturing ribs.


Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening reaction to a trigger, such as an allergy.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis include feeling faint, finding it hard to breathe, a fast heartbeat and feeling anxious.Anaphylaxis needs to be treated in hospital at soon as possible. Use an adrenaline injector if the person has one and call 999 for an ambulance.Anaphylaxis is usually caused by an allergic reaction. Common triggers include foods, medicines and insect stings.You can help prevent anaphylaxis by avoiding any triggers you have and carrying your adrenaline injector at all times.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis include feeling faint, finding it hard to breathe, a fast heartbeat and feeling anxious.

Anaphylaxis usually develops suddenly and gets worse very quickly.The symptoms include:feeling lightheaded or faintbreathing difficulties – such as fast, shallow breathingwheezinga fast heartbeatclammy skinconfusion and anxietycollapsing or losing consciousnessThere may also be other allergy symptoms, including an itchy, raised rash (hives); feeling or being sick; swelling (angioedema) or stomach pain.

Anaphylaxis needs to be treated in hospital at soon as possible. Use an adrenaline injector if the person has one and call 999 for an ambulance.

MEDICAL TREATMENTSAnaphylaxis is a medical emergency. It can be very serious if not treated quickly.If someone has symptoms of anaphylaxis, you should:1. Use an adrenaline auto-injector if the person has one – but make sure you know how to use it correctly first.2. Call 999 for an ambulance immediately (even if they start to feel better) – mention that you think the person has anaphylaxis.3. Remove any trigger if possible – for example, carefully remove any stinger stuck in the skin.4. Lie the person down flat – unless they’re unconscious, pregnant or having breathing difficulties.5. Give another injection after 5 to 15 minutes if the symptoms do not improve and a second auto-injector is available.

Head Injuries

Head injuries are one of the most common causes of disability and death in adults. The injury can be as mild as a bump, bruise (contusion), or cut on the head, or can be moderate to severe in nature due to a concussion, deep cut or open wound, fractured skull bone(s), or from internal bleeding and damage to the brain.

A severe head injury can result in pressure being placed on the brain because of bleeding, blood clots or a build-up of fluid. 

This can sometimes lead to brain damage, which can be temporary or permanent.

A severe head injury can also cause other potentially serious complications, including:

  • an infection after a skull fracture  
  • impaired consciousness 
  • brain injury

Treating a severe head injury

Severe head injuries always require hospital treatment. 

This may involve:

  • observing the condition for any changes 
  • running tests to check for further damage 
  • treating any other injuries 
  • breathing support (ventilation) or brain surgery 

Most people are able to go home within 48 hours. But a small number of those admitted to hospital require skull or brain surgery.

When you’re discharged from hospital, your doctor will advise you on the best way to help your recovery when you return home.