Heat exhaustion and heatstroke

Heat exhaustion is where your body gets too hot. If not treated quickly, it can turn into heatstroke, which can be life threatening.

Signs of heat exhaustion include headache, dizziness and confusion, feeling sick and cramps.The main way to treat heat exhaustion is to cool down by moving to a cool place and drinking plenty of fluids.To avoid heat exhaustion during hot weather or exercise, drink plenty of cold drinks, take cool showers and wear light-coloured, loose clothing.

The signs of heat exhaustion include:a headachedizziness and confusionloss of appetite and feeling sickexcessive sweating and pale, clammy skincramps in the arms, legs and stomachfast breathing or pulsetemperature of 38C or abovebeing very thirstyThe symptoms are often the same in adults and children, although children may become floppy and sleepy.If someone is showing signs of heat exhaustion, they need to be cooled down.

SELF-CAREIf someone has heat exhaustion, follow these steps:1. Move them to a cool place.2. Get them to lie down and raise their feet slightly.3. Get them to drink plenty of water. Sports or rehydration drinks are OK.4. Cool their skin – spray or sponge them with cool water and fan them. Cold packs around the armpits or neck are good, too.Stay with them until they’re better.They should start to cool down and feel better within 30 minutes.

Continue to monitor the casualty for any changes.
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