Pediatric absence seizures (also called petit mal seizures) are characterized by a brief altered state of consciousness and staring episodes.
Typically the child’s posture is maintained during the seizure. The mouth or face may move or the eyes may blink. The seizure usually lasts no longer than 30 seconds.
Anything that interrupts the normal connections between nerve cells in the brain can cause a seizure.
This includes a high fever, high or low blood sugar, alcohol or drug withdrawal, or a brain concussion. But when a child has 2 or more seizures with no known cause, this is diagnosed as epilepsy.